The British government settled migrants in the planned Chaks. These planned settlements are of two categories Chaks (rural settlements) and Mandi Towns (Market town).
Main centers of business were eight bazars of Lyallpur. Every necessity of life was found over there. Jhang Bazar was the busiest of all. Commonly, Bhuwana Bazar, Montgomery Bazar, and Aminpur Bazar were the bazars where doctors and Hakeems had shops. Majority of the business men were Sikhs and Hindus. All the business was in their hands. Majority of the British were used to go to kacheheri bazar. There was a London house and they bought things from there.
In 1911, its population was round about 4 lakhs fifty thousand but in the census of 1914, it was round about 6 lakhs and seventy thousand. It increased of 14 percent in 1921 census, although there were not as such fresh allotments or new settlement. The increase varied greatly from circle to circle with the fecundity of the prevailing tribes and was at height in Gugera branch and its extensions. As it was the major Mandi and all the raw material was collected over to export to U.K. Wheat was one of the major exports to U.K. The export was made via rail to Karachi for Europe. There were also cotton ginning factories in the district especially in Lyallpur city. The Hindus and the Sikhs were economically well and they were controlling nearly all the business of Lyallpur. They were even more educated than that of Muslims. They were more influential than Muslims as well.
- extract from Muhammad Abrar Ahmad & Muhammad Iqbal Chawla