This article explains the post partition scenario in East and West of the Pakistani Punjab.This imperative research includes the details of disturbances in Sargodha (a city of Punjab) through primary and secondary sources along with facts and figures. Pattern of settlement has been explained following by the developmental projects in this region.
In September 1947, there was a significant record of assault in the Mianwali locale, the greater part of the Hindu and Sikh populace (being 6000 men, ladies, and kids) were slaughtered and consumed alive. Youngsters were grabbed away from their mom's arms and tossed into the bubbling oil. Many ladies saved their distinction by hopping into wells and hurling themselves entirely into consuming houses. Young ladies of 8 to 10 years old were assaulted within the sight of their folks and afterward put absurdly brutally (Major, 1995).
Monstrosities were on their pinnacle, individuals were tormented both truly and intellectually, the bosoms of ladies were sliced and they were made to walk all exposed in lines of five in the marketplaces of Harnoli, Mianwali. Around 800 young ladies and ladies were stolen and little youngsters were meandering stripped in the wildernesses and were hijacked by the passers-by. Trains had additionally been assaulted in Mianwali and there was a report about the plundering of a whole train on the Khushab-Kundian line someplace close to the Mianwali line. A tough spot was made because of Muslim zeal in Soon Valley of Khushab.
In Mianwali district, trans-border Pathans proved a menace. the local Pathans with their encounters pillaged non-Muslim villages, especially in Police Stations Piplan and Harnoli, Mianwali. Non-Muslims got panicked, at the latter place took up positions and opened indiscriminate firing, injuring two soldiers, despite a Magistrate‟s efforts. Firing was eventually exchanged by the Magistrate‟s party and it continued for 36 hours before the non-Muslims gave up. They suffered heavy causalities.
Very critical situation was averted at Sargodha by the timely arrival of police when Gurkha soldiers entered the local Juma mosque on information that forcible conversions of Hindus were taking place. Muslim mobs looted Hindus houses in Chak Ram Dass, Mehga Jhawarian and Miani in the district. In Miani, they killed 74 non-Muslims including women and children but Police were able to arrest 283 of the attackers and recovered looted property and arms. About 45 non-Muslims moving from Kinderabad to Sargodha were killed en-route.From Mianwali, a gun with 25 cartridges, a 303 bore revolver with 4 rounds, 18 bottles bomb, two acid bottles and sharp-edged weapons were recovered from Hindus, 8 of whom were arrested.6 A sudden attack was appeared by a heavily armed Muslim mob on Mianwali town was checked after a night long battle of police and military. Fifty Hindus and 12 Muslims were killed and 35 Hindus were injured. In Mianwali district, the Hindu and Sikh concentration at Kalabagh was attacked by Muslims, as a result of which 8 Hindus and 2 Muslims got died and 12 Hindus got injured.
A Hindu station Master of Shah Alam, Mianwali district, and his wife were killed and their property were looted. A mob attacked the evacuee‟s camp at Nawan Jandanwala in the same district killing two non-Muslims. Two of the raiders were wounded by the troops, who opened fire. Armed Muslim mobs raiding Darya Khan on two occasions succeeded in killing 84 Hindus but left 24 dead by military and police stationed there. An attempt by a Muslim mob to attack the evacuees‟ camp at Darya Khan was failed by police and military firing. About 600 Muslims intended to attack a military special train at Daud Khel railway station in Mianwali district were dispersed by troops. In Sargodha, a mob of 20 Muslims carrying spears killed three Hindus and three Sikhs on their way from Farooqa to Sillanwali. A dozen armed Muslims killed the Head Postmaster at Sodhi, P.S Nowshera district Khushab along with his wife and two little daughters, they had embraced Islam but wanted evacuation. Some armed local goondasexchanged shots with a police patrol in Nowshera village without casualties.