An endless stream of people passing across railway bridge in Ludhiana in December, 1947. "Teams to the right, walkers to the left," ordered the soldiers, seen in foreground with rifles.
A young buffalo serves as transport for bedding rolls, mother, and sick son, as the older one brings up the rear. Ludhiana, 1947.
On September 25 and 26, nearly continuous rain stopped traffic along the Grand Trunk Road: "Hundreds of thousands of people were sitting in this downpour out in the open, huddled in groups, with not a dry stitch on them, nor a dry spot to sit [...] One 16 yr old girl was carrying an old man, who could not walk, and who was heavier than she. No cartman offered to put him on his cart. Each attended to his or her own little misery."